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Psychology Quiz 09B

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A reinforcement schedule that results in consistently high productivity.
a.
fixed-ratio schedule
c.
fixed-chain schedule
b.
variable-ratio schedule
d.
variable-chain schedule
 

 2. 

Examples of primary reinforcers for humans include
a.
money, food, and clothing.
b.
prestige, social approval, and power.
c.
money, clothing, and social approval.
d.
food, clothing, and rest periods.
 

 3. 

You have a job in a retail store at a mall. You are paid every Friday for the previous week's work. Your pay schedule is a
a.
fixed-ratio.
c.
variable-chain.
b.
fixed-interval.
d.
variable-interval.
 

 4. 

Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of punishment?
a.
It does change behavior.
b.
It can produce unwanted side effects.
c.
It may cause fear of the punisher.
d.
It may suppress but not change inappropriate behavior.
 

 5. 

Operant conditioning focuses on how reinforcement affects
a.
involuntary behavior.
c.
reinforced behavior.
b.
voluntary behavior.
d.
variable behavior.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each term with the correct statement below.
a.
secondary reinforcer
f.
aversive control
b.
avoidance conditioning
g.
avoidance conditioning
c.
positive reinforcer
h.
escape conditioning
d.
chaining
i.
reinforcement
e.
shaping
j.
response chain
 

 6. 

a method used to teach someone how to swim
 

 7. 

training a child to quit sucking her thumb by placing a sour tasting substance on her thumb
 

 8. 

unpleasant consequences that influence everyday behavior
 

 9. 

a person's behavior that has the effect of preventing an unpleasant situation from happening
 

 10. 

learned reactions that follow one another in sequence with each reaction producing the signal for the next
 



 
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